Our SPIRITUAL TRANSPARENCY through the ‘NEW COVENANT’
August 17 Bible Reading: Jeremiah Chapters 31-33
"Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah -- this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, 'Know the Lord,' for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more." (Jer 31:31-34)
The ‘New Covenant’ is the fifth and last of the theocratic covenants (pertaining to the rule of God). God made the ‘New Covenant’ primarily with Israel and Judah (v. 31). This is a covenant of grace through which humans will be given a new moral nature, and knowledge of the Lord will be universal (see Heb. 10:15–17). Unlike the Mosaic Law, it is unconditional. It emphasized what God will do, not what man must do (vv. 33-34).
- The ‘New Covenant’ is the culmination of God’s covenant-making with Israel. There are some marked differences between the ‘Old’ and ‘New Covenant’ (v. 32; Gen. 9:13):
- The ‘Old Covenant’ (given at Mount Sinai) demanded obedience, while the ‘New Covenant’ offers forgiveness of sin.
- The ‘Old Covenant’ was written on stone tablets, while the ‘New Covenant’ is carved on the hearts of God’s people (see Ezekiel 36:26, 27).
- The ‘Old Covenant’ was between God and the nation Israel, whereas the ‘New Covenant’ is between God and all believers.
Four provisions are made in this ‘New Covenant’:
- Regeneration—God will put His law in their inward parts and write it in their hearts (v. 33)
- A national restoration—Yahweh will be their God and the nation will be His people (v. 33)
- Personal ministry of the Holy Spirit—they will all be taught individually by God (v. 34)
- Full justification—their sins will be forgiven and completely removed (v. 34)
The New Testament reveals that the words that God has promised to write on the hearts of His people are written by the Holy Spirit (2 Cor. 3:1–3), who empowers them to live in a manner that reflects the very character of God. This profound truth of God’s ‘New Covenant’ is so significant that this passage is quoted three times in the New Testament (John 6:45; Heb. 8:10; 10:16–17).