God always PERFORMS what He PROMISES: "When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever." (2 Sam. 7:12-13)
When the land of Israel had a time of relative peace and rest from the surrounding enemies who were vanquished earlier, King David turned his attention to the ark of God which was still housed inside tent curtains and expressed his desire to the prophet Nathan that he wanted to build a temple for God (vv. 1-2). However, God only gave his son Solomon the privilege of building the house of God since David was more of a fighter than a builder all his life. In the end, Solomon erected the temple from materials which his father David had prepared beforehand.
In this context, Irving Jensen in his book ‘I & II Samuel’ makes the following inference: “David represents Christ in His suffering and victory over the great enemy. Solomon represents Christ in His glory after the suffering and the conflicts are finished. The church, which is the true temple of God, having Christ for its chief cornerstone, will be manifested in the last day. Now in the church’s days of suffering and conflict the materials are being prepared for this glorious building for God.”
During this communication, God also revealed to Prophet Nathan an unconditional covenant which He would make with David (see 1 Chr. 17:11–15). The first provision of the Davidic covenant was that David would have a son for whom God would establish a kingdom forever (see 1 Chr. 22:6–10). This covenant promised that David’s house, his kingdom, and his throne would be established forever, and that his own descendants would sit upon the throne.
The immediate and primary reference is to God’s blessing upon and direction of Solomon in his building of the Temple and his rule over the people of God. But the writer of the book of Hebrews quotes this verse as being fulfilled in Jesus Christ, who is the Son of God in the highest sense. David’s dynasty has been interrupted since the Babylonian captivity, but it will be restored when Christ, the Seed of David, returns to reign over all the earth (Psalms 2:6, 7; 89:3, 4; Heb. 1:8).
David wanted nothing more in life than to build a temple for God but his request was denied by God. However, this crushing denial was followed by a stunning word of promise that God would establish his kingdom as well as build him a house. Let us remember that God’s promise was realized even during the time of his son Solomon. This is part of the prayer that King Solomon made during his dedication of God’s temple: "You have kept what You promised Your servant David my father; You have both spoken with Your mouth and fulfilled it with Your hand, as it is this day." (2 Chron. 6:15)
Today, Christians are the “house” of God, built and ruled over by Jesus Christ the Son of David (I Peter 2:5; Heb. 3:3–6). There can be no doubt that God always performs what He promises. In a world of uncertainty and fickle-minded people, we can trust in a faithful God who always keeps His promises. When troubles invade our lives, we can be assured that God’s promises are certain, and God is always true to His promises!